Excerpt: “blue zone: the lesson of the longest living man”
“Blue zone: the lesson of living a long life”
On April 2, 1513, when Juan pongsde Leon landed on the northeast coast of Florida, he was looking for a fountain of youth — a fountain of water that would give immortality. Historians now know more about this story. Spanish explorers investigating the cause of the north of the Bahamas may because the Spanish back to diego as a military governor, the son of Christopher Columbus, away from the office to cancel Ponce DE Leon. Still, the legend of Ponce DE Leon’s voyage still exists.
Five hundred years later, I found the magic of longevity source of ideas still have so many attractive, cheat and fool the continuation of the same mind to pursue, whether it is disguised as a pill, dietary or medical procedures. University of Illinois at Chicago’s demographers Jay olson, (s. Jay Olshansky) and 50 of the top of the world’s longevity experts in 2002 made a position statement, do its best to crack down on fraud.
“Our language on this issue must be clear,” they wrote. “There is no lifestyle change, surgery, vitamins, antioxidants, hormones or genetic engineering techniques that have been proven to affect the aging process.
The harsh reality of aging is that it has only one accelerator pedal. We haven’t found anyone with a brake. The name of the game is to avoid stepping on the accelerator pedal to accelerate the aging process. The average American, however, pushed the accelerator too far through a quick and angry lifestyle.
This book is about the best way to discover the health and longevity of the world and to work in our lives. Most of us spend more time with our lives than we think. In fact, experts say, if we adopt the right lifestyle, we can add at least ten good years and a small number of premature deaths. This could mean a life of extra quality for ten years!
To determine the secrets of longevity, our demographers, medical scientists and journalists have found the best resources. We went to the blue zone – the four healthiest corners of the world – and the longest living people avoided many of the diseases that killed americans. These are places where people are three times more likely to enjoy 100.
In each blue strip, we use the with a survey jointly developed by the national institute on aging, to determine the part of the way of life, to help explain the region’s longevity – residents choose what to eat, how much their physical activity, they how to socialize, they use what traditional medicines, and so on. We looked for common standards – what we found in all four groups – and raised the cross-cultural sublimation that I think is the best practice for health, a DE facto formula for longevity.
This is the premise of the blue zone: if you can optimize your lifestyle, you may get an extra ten years of good life. What is the best way to optimize your lifestyle? Imitate what we found in each blue area.
Facts about aging.
Together, blue has produced nine powerful lessons to achieve a longer, better life. But before I go into detail, I think it’s important to know something about how people age and establish some basic principles and definitions. How long can each of us live? What really happens to our bodies at age?
Why can’t we take medicine to prolong life? How do we live longer? How can we be better? Why would changing our lifestyle add more good times?
To answer these and other fundamental questions, I’ve asked some of the world’s experts to describe their latest research in daily life. Together, these scientists represent the best ideas of biology, gerontology and longevity science.
Dr. Steven n. Austad studied the aging cells and molecular mechanisms of the university of Texas health center in SAN Antonio. Sam and Ann Barshop, a professor at the center for longevity and aging, are the authors of “why we age: how science can discover the human body through life”.
Dr. Robert butler is President and CEO of the center for international longevity in New York City policy and education research center. He is a professor of geriatrics and adult development at mount sinai medical center and author of “why we survive in the United States.”
Jack m. Guralnik, md, is the director of epidemiology, population statistics and biology laboratory at the national institute of aging in bethesda, Maryland.
Dr. Robert Kane is director of the center for aging at the university of Minnesota in Minnesota and the director of the education center in Minnesota. He is a professor at the school of public health, where he has a senior chairman of long-term care and aging.
Thomas t. Perls, m.d., director of the New England centenarian study, associate professor at Boston university school of medicine and geriatrics, “live to be 100 years old: at any age to live to your maximum potential lessons”.
I interviewed the experts separately and sorted out the answers to each question. That’s what they told me.
What exactly is aging?
Robert Kane: that’s a very profound question. First, aging begins at birth. If you think about it, all species will develop. You can think of it as a balance between the individual and the environment. In essence, we can think of aging as a loss of coping mechanisms that cannot maintain internal control and balance.
We start from an early age and gradually adapt to the changes in our characteristics. Children are vulnerable to the environment and must be protected. In humans, we could peak in the mid-20s. We kept it for a while, and then at some point, maybe in the mid-40s, we started to decline. Some people will say that we actually start falling at 30, depending on the system you’re tracking.
Old age is another time when balance is good for the environment; Old people need to protect themselves. The weakness that we associate with the old is basically the loss of autonomy, the inability to withstand external pressure and interference.
Aging includes both positive and negative changes that occur. Older physicians define aging as a risk of death. Regardless of the existence of the disease, the risk of death is continuous in view of the limited lifespan. In most cases, this increases with age. Other factors may change the risk of death and aging, so it’s not that aging itself is the determining factor, but the most important change. People have been looking for biomarkers for aging, and so far no one has found any disease that is absolutely unchanged.
For example, people look at the loss of contact lenses. Most people are farsighted, usually in their early forties. It doesn’t happen to everyone, so you can’t say it’s a common phenomenon of aging. Gray hair, the loss of collagen in the skin, all of these are described as aging changes. As you age, your body composition changes. It’s obviously influenced by exercise and diet, but in general, we lose muscle and increase body fat. The immune system changes with age, becoming less competent, but again, we can say that there is no universal way of aging.
Steven Austad: I define aging as a gradual loss of physical ability, whether you’re talking about running, thinking about all of these things. This is a gradual and gradual loss of physical and mental capacity to do what you can do before. That means, basically, your goal is not to keep you healthy forever.
Robert Kane: there are several theories about aging. One is that there are some genes in your system that turn on or off to improve or accelerate aging. Another theory is “garbage dump syndrome,” which allows you to accumulate toxins as things go.
But the question you have to ask is why does the body accumulate toxins? So, you can accumulate toxins, because some of the cellular mechanisms that work at one point have stopped working. Really is a sign of aging, so these toxins or just some other concomitant biological process, the biological process has changed, is probably driven by some of the genetic material inside the body. We honestly just don’t know.
What is the average life expectancy of americans?
Robert Kane: I think you can imagine, a 30-year-old man today have a reasonable life chances – depends on a man or a woman – by the end of the seventy s or early eighty s. If you take away major risk factors such as heart disease, cancer and stroke, I think it could be five to ten years longer.
Tom Perls (Tom Perls) : for most of us, our bodies are like cars, want to have a few cars can travel hundreds of miles one hundred and fifty thousand miles or more long distance, having the right genetic structure. But over time, they get worse, even the best maintenance. It’s fragile as it gets worse. You’re not likely to bounce back when you hit a bump on the road. There’s a point here, it goes down, it doesn’t bounce, that’s when you leave.
What is the chance to live to 100?
Jack Guralnik: well, they’re certainly small, probably less than one percent. Again, it depends on your age. If you’re talking about someone’s birth, it’s a different estimate than someone who’s already 80. And if you want to think about health, the role plays a big role. Most people who become centenarians look back, and they are quite healthy at the age of eighty.
Tom Perls: I used to equate life with 100 points to pick all five Numbers in the lottery: odds are pretty small. If your family’s longevity is matched by healthy behavior, your chances are greater.
Today’s centenarians are the fastest growing part of our population, in part because we are better at screening for high blood pressure. This is an important lottery ball, we don’t need to leave the accident. Now it’s not five Numbers, it’s four.
The other thing we’ve almost gotten rid of is childhood mortality. With cleaner water supplies, more education years, improved social and economic status and improvements in public health measures, these have reduced the number of lottery tickets.
Think of the best way to reach 100: “the older you get, the healthier you will be.”
Steven Austad: the question is – here I think the best health practice is very important – if you lived to be 100, what would you be 100 years old? Will you be bedridden and unable to take care of yourself? Or will you be quite independent and alert? For me, it’s the best health practice that really matters.
Is there a pill to prolong life?